Abdominal pain Cramping, spasmodic pain in the lower abdomen that accompanies the menstrual period usually indicates a condition called dysmenorrhea. The medical, social, and economic consequences of this disorder are enormous. Dysmenorrhea may affect not only the patient, but also her family. Despite the fact that it is very common, dysmenorrhea is not normal. Today it can usually be treated and relieved. A woman is said to have dysmenorrhea when she requires relief for her pain. Many forms of treatment are available and a woman should consult her healthcare professional for advice.